Eczema is one of the most common skin disorders to affect Delhi populations and the dermatologists and skin specialists based there are looking for solutions to ease the difficulties associated with this disease. There are 4 modules for treating eczema:
- Arrest itching
- Promote Healing
- Prevention of flares
- Arrest and prevention of infections.
Various medications used by Dermatologists and Skin Specialists in Delhi to manage Eczema:
These medicines will provide symptomatic relief and ease the manifestations. These medicines will make it easier for you to go on with you daily routine smoothly. These drugs may be used in combination to get best results.
Topical steroids like creams, gels, foams, ointments, etc. they come in various combinations and concentrations based on the extent of the lesion. They significantly arrest itching and inflammation associated with eczema.
Hydrocortisone available over the counter is a good option that most dermatologists prescribe. A higher dosage may be required in severe cases.
Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs: For those who can’t handle steroid therapy, a new ointment known as crisaborole (Eucrisa) has been launched for milder and moderate cases of eczema. This ointment should be applied on the skin twice a day.
Barrier repair moisturizers are another option which keep your skin hydrated, prevent dryness and itching.
Pimecrolimus and tacrolimus are drugs solely used for inflammatory skin conditions and are suited for moderate and severe cases of eczema.
Corticosteroids can also be taken in the form of pills, liquids, or shots.
Immunosuppressant drugs like cyclosporine, methotrexate, and mycophenolatemofetil are very effective in moderate and severe cases of eczema as they ease hypersensitivity and hyper immune responses.
Antibiotics are used to cure infections caused due to itching.
Antihistaminic drugs are used mainly to arrest itching.
Other Treatments that require office visits
Phototherapy: Ultraviolet radiation has been proven effective in initiating an immunosuppressant action in many cases. This treatment has been proven to be very effective but needs to be used very carefully to avoid the risks for skin cancers. There are 2 categories of this treatment modality:
Ultraviolet light therapy: In the dermatologist’s clinic, you are subjected to UVA and UVB rays and have 2 to 5 sittings per week but this has to be performed by a highly skilled and qualified skin specialist.
PUVA therapy: This therapy involves exposure to UV rays along with ingesting a drug called psoralen, which makes the body more responsive to the ultra violet radiations. This is a good treatment option but psoralen may have side effects.