Psoriasis is a chronic, non-contagious, skin condition in which there is disturbance in the skin growing cell cycle and immune cells. Usually the skin cells grow gradually and old skin sheds in about every 4 weeks. As this occurs, the new skin cells come to replace as the old one fall. But in psoriasis, the skin cells grow too quickly and shed very frequently, in days rather than weeks, forming thick, white or red patches on skin. This gives the appearance of the thick skin patches, or "plaques." Plaques range in size, and most often appear on the knees, elbows, scalp, hands, feet, and lower back.
The exact cause of psoriasis is unknown, but most dermatologists believe that it occurs when there is a defect in immune system and skin development cycle, causing inflammation and flaking.
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease and can affect anyone. However, people who are more prone are:
One may be able to reduce flare-ups and improve symptoms by taking few precautions:
Psoriasis is a chronic condition and requires regular treatment and follow up. At skin n laser centre, there are dermatologist who are expert in managing psoriasis by:
Medical therapy: To control the further spread by correcting the alteration in skin growing cycle and immune cells.
Phototherapy : This is very effective and safe therapy for this chronic disease and can be taken for a very long period without any side effects. In this a special ultraviolet light (NB-UVB) is given to the lesions and prevents the further spread.
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