Melasma is a chronic skin disorder that results in symmetrical, blotchy, brownish facial pigmentation. It can lead to considerable embarrassment and distress.
The cause of melasma is complex. The pigmentation is due to overproduction of melanin by the pigment cells, melanocytes, which is taken up by the keratinocytes (epidermal melanosis) and/or deposited in the dermis (dermal melanosis, melanophages). There is a genetic predisposition to melasma. In most people melasma is a chronic disorder.
Known triggers for melasma include:
Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) deepens the pigmentation because it activates the melanocytes to produce more melanin.
Melasma is more common in women than in men .It generally starts between the age of 20 and 40 years.
Dark circles are commonly described as darkness under the lower eyelidsdue to increased pigmentation (melanin)
It can be due to various reasons:
People who are more prone to get dark circles are:
Loss of fatty tissue in the eyelid or around the eye (tear trough) is associated with:
Treatment of dark circles depends on its nature.
General measures include:
Our centre provides specialized treatments for melasma and dark eye pigmentations. Treatments are cost effective and depend upon area, depth, type of skin and cause of pigmentation. In most of the cases combination of treatments are required to treat the pigmentation.
These are the multiple treatment modalities available at our centre.
IPL (photo facial) this is the preferable method used by dermatologists to treat deeper pigmentation and sun damaged skin.
Q Switched Nd Yag laser. This highly specific laser is used to treat epidermal and dermal pigmentation in chronic cases.
Lavatron RF therapy. This is a multipolar RF therapy, used to reduce pigmentation and induce new skin formation and collagen induction.
Viora reaction. It is very effective in Dark circle reduction by opening the lymphatic blockage and increase in blood supply of skin near the eyes and helps in skin tightening.
Chemical peels. Various types of chemical peels are used according to skin conditions which help in reducing the pigmentation and improving the skin texture.
Microdermabrasion. In combination with other modalities microdermabrasion helps by abrading the skin, increase vascularity of skin and thus helping in penetration of various medicines inside the skin.
Conventional Medicines. As every melasma has its own reason, its very essential to diagnose it properly and treat various inside factors and deficiencies with the help of oral and topical medicines.
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