Fungal infections are single or multi-cellular organisms that cause skin infections known as fungal infections(tinea). Yeast is the most common type of fungus and is already present in the human body, but increase in its level can result in infection. Dermatophytes are fungal organisms that grow on the human body and infect the top layer of skin as well as nails or hair. There are different types of fungal infections and each can appear in different areas of the body but usually it is more common on the areas with excessive sweating i.e. body folds, in between the toes etc.
Symptoms may vary, ranging from redness, rash, itching, skin irritation, bad odour, oozing or flaking or blackish discoloration. On scalp there can be whitish scales. If nails are involved there can be discoloration or destruction.
Fungal infections can be caused by a variety of conditions and medication-use. Some risk factors for developing a fungal infection include:
There are some measures you can take to prevent fungal skin infection. Always keep clothes dry and clean, and wear loose-fitting clothes as much as possible. Avoid sharing hairbrushes, combs, and towels, as they may contain skin fragments with fungal colonies. Use alternative shoes every few days and wear cotton socks to avoid fungal infection to the feet. Avoid excessive oil application and never do self-medication.
At skin n laser centre the detailed history and proper examination of the patients are done by expert team of dermatologist and a proper diagnosis is made. Various treatments are given according to the type and location of infection. For more information, contact skin n laser centre.
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